To crucify


Greek: σταυροω [stauroô] (Verb). From σταυρος [stauros]. To crucify.

σταυροω [stauroô] appears 46 times in the NT:



(1) Matthew 20: 19
And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify [him]: and the third day he shall rise again. - το σταυρωσαι [to staurôsai] Aorist Infinitive Active. ("to crucify" - εις το... σταυρωσαι [eis to... staurôsai] Lit: "in the to crucify").

(2) Matthew 23: 34
Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and [some] of them ye shall kill and crucify; and [some] of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute [them] from city to city: - σταυρωσετε [staurôsete] Future Indicative Active, 2 pl.

(3) Matthew 26: 2
Ye know that after two days is [the feast of] the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified. - το σταυρωθηναι [to staurôthênai] Aorist Infinitive Passive. ("to be crucified" - εις το σταυρωθηναι [eis to staurôthênai] Lit: "in the to be crucified").

(4) Matthew 27: 22
Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? [They] all say unto him, Let him be crucified. - σταυρωθητω [staurôthêtô] Aorist Imperative Passive, 3 sing.

(5) Matthew 27: 23
And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. - σταυρωθητω [staurôthêtô] Aorist Imperative Passive, 3 sing.

(6) Matthew 27: 26
Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered [him] to be crucified. - σταυρωθη [staurôthê] Aorist Subjunctive Passive, 3 sing. ("to be crucified" - ινα σταυρωθη [hina staurôthê]).

(7) Matthew 27: 31
And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify [him]. - το σταυρωσαι [to staurôsai] Aorist Infinitive Active. ("to crucify" - εις το σταυρωσαι [eis to staurôsai] Lit: "in the to crucify").

(8) Matthew 27: 35
And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. - σταυρωσαντες [staurôsantes] Aorist Participle Active, nom. pl. masc.

(9) Matthew 27: 38
Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left. - σταυρουνται [staurountai] Present Indicative Passive, 3 pl.

(10) Matthew 28: 5
And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. - τον εσταυρωμενον [ton estaurômenon] Perfect Participle Passive, accus. sing. masc.

(11) Mark 15: 13
And they cried out again, Crucify him. - σταυρωσον [staurôson] Aorist Imperative Active, 2 sing.

(12) Mark 15: 14
Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him. - σταυρωσον [staurôson] Aorist Imperative Active, 2 sing.

(13) Mark 15: 15
And [so] Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged [him], to be crucified. - σταυρωθη [staurôthê] Aorist Subjunctive Passive, 3 sing. ("to be crucified" - ινα σταυρωθη [hina staurôthê]).

(14) Mark 15: 20
And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. - σταυρωσωσιν [staurôsôsin] Aorist Subjunctive Active, 3 pl.

(15) Mark 15: 24
And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take. - σταυρωσαντες [staurôsantes] Aorist Participle Active, nom. pl. masc. / Variant: σταυρουσιν [staurousin] Present Indicative Active, 3 pl.

(16) Mark 15: 25
And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. - εσταυρωσαν [estaurôsan] Aorist Indicative Active, 3 pl.

(17) Mark 15: 27
And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. - σταυρουσιν [staurousin] Present Indicative Active, 3 pl. Lit: "they are crucifying".

(18) Mark 16: 6
And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him. - τον εσταυρωμενον [ton estaurômenon] Perfect Participle Passive, accus. sing. masc.

(19, 20) Luke 23: 21
But they cried, saying, Crucify¹ [him], crucify¹ him. - ¹σταυρωσον [staurôson] Aorist Imperative Active, 2 sing. /Variant: ¹σταυρου [staurou] Present Imperative Active, 2 sing.

(21) Luke 23: 23
And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed. - σταυρωθηναι [staurôthênai] Aorist Infinitive Passive.

(22) Luke 23: 33
And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. - εσταυρωσαν [estaurôsan] Aorist Indicative Active, 3 pl.

(23) Luke 24: 7
Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. - σταυρωθηναι [staurôthênai] Aorist Infinitive Passive.

(24) Luke 24: 20
And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. - εσταυρωσαν [estaurôsan] Aorist Indicative Active, 3 pl.

(25, 26, 27) John 19: 6
When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify¹ [him], crucify¹ [him]. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify² [him]: for I find no fault in him. - ¹σταυρωσον [staurôson] Aorist Imperative Active, 2 sing. / ²σταυρωσατε [staurôsate] Aorist Imperative Active, 2 pl.

(28) John 19: 10
Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee? - σταυρωσαι [staurôsai] Aorist Infinitive Active.

(29, 30) John 19: 15
But they cried out, Away with [him], away with [him], crucify¹ him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify² your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar. - ¹σταυρωσον [staurôson] Aorist Imperative Active, 2 sing. / ²σταυρωσω [staurôsô] Aorist Subjunctive Active, 1 sing.

(31) John 19: 16
Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led [him] away. - σταυρωθη [staurôthê] Aorist Subjunctive Passive, 3 sing. ("to be crucified" - ινα σταυρωθη [hina staurôthê]).

(32) John 19: 18
Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst. - εσταυρωσαν [estaurôsan] Aorist Indicative Active, 3 pl.

(33) John 19: 20
This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin. - εσταυρωθη [estaurôthê] Aorist Indicative Passive, 3 sing.

(34) John 19: 23
Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also [his] coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. - εσταυρωσαν [estaurôsan] Aorist Indicative Active, 3 pl.

(35) John 19: 41
Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. - εσταυρωθη [estaurôthê] Aorist Indicative Passive, 3 sing.

(36) Acts 2: 36
Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ. - εσταυρωσατε [estaurôsate] Aorist Indicative Active, 2 pl.

(37) Acts 4: 10
Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole. - εσταυρωσατε [estaurôsate] Aorist Indicative Active, 2 pl.

(38) 1 Corinthians 1: 13
Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul? - εσταυρωθη [estaurôthê] Aorist Indicative Passive, 3 sing.

(39) 1 Corinthians 1: 23
But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; - εσταυρωμενον [estaurômenon] Perfect Participle Passive, accus. sing. masc.

(40) 1 Corinthians 2: 2
For I determined not to know any thing among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified. - εσταυρωμενον [estaurômenon] Perfect Participle Passive, accus. sing. masc.

(41) 1 Corinthians 2: 8
Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known [it], they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. - εσταυρωσαν [estaurôsan] Aorist Indicative Active, 3 pl.

(42) 2 Corinthians 13: 4
For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you. - εσταυρωθη [estaurôthê] Aorist Indicative Passive, 3 sing.

(43) Galatians 3: 1
O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? - εσταυρωμενος [estaurômenos] Perfect Participle Passive, nom. sing. masc.

(44) Galatians 5: 24
And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. - εσταυρωσαν [estaurôsan] Aorist Indicative Active, 3 pl.

(45) Galatians 6: 14
But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. - εσταυρωται [estaurôtai] Perfect Indicative Passive, 3 sing.

(46) Revelation 11: 8
And their dead bodies [shall lie] in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. - εσταυρωθη [estaurôthê] Aorist Indicative Passive, 3 sing.

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